题号 一 二 三 四 五 合计
已做/题量 0 / 6 0 / 10 0 / 6 0 / 6 0 / 1 0 / 29
得分/分值 0 / 18 0 / 20 0 / 18 0 / 30 0 / 14 0 / 100
一 、句子翻译（汉译英） (共 6 题、0 / 18 分 )
二 、语法结构 (共 10 题、0 / 20 分 )
1、It was not until the night fell ____ the lost boy was found by the police.
2、Dr. Wilson didn't want to go on ____ a teacher of biology, so he changed his job and became a consultant for a farm.
3、____ is most likely that Susanna will be singled out to take part in the local speech contest.
4、The professor asked that the test paper ____ before Wednesday.
A、be handed in
B、would be handed in
D、will be finished
5、When asked to give his opinion on the failure of the experiment, he pretended ____ it.
A、not having heard of
B、to haven't heard
C、to haven't heard of
D、not to have heard of
6、The plant is unfit to be eaten by human beings and other animals, ____ recent findings indicate.
7、____ nobody else would like to try again, he decided to do the experiment for the seventeenth time.
8、After resting in Sydney for a few weeks, Francis Chichester set off ____ the treacherous Cape Horn.
9、____ he worked very hard, he failed to pass the exam.
A、In spite of
C、No matter how
10、Have you ever heard that song ____ in Italian?
三 、句子翻译（英译汉） (共 6 题、0 / 18 分 )
1、He has been seeking employment recently.
2、Because it is cold in the winter in thenorth of our country, the heating is the important way to warm.
3、Talks with business leaders broke down lastnight.
4、My mother encouraged us, but was neverpushy.
5、The government required that the factory beclosed to make sure that the tourist attraction would not be polluted.
6、Most women prefer to hang around in storeswithout buying anything.
四 、阅读理解 (共 6 题、0 / 30 分 )
1、To understand the marketing concept, it is only to understand the difference between marketing and selling. Not too many years ago, most industries concentrated primarily on the efficient production of goods, and then relied on "persuasive salesmanship" to move as much of these goods as possible. Such production and selling focuses on the needs of the seller to produce goods and then convert them into money.
Marketing, on the other hand, focuses on the wants of consumers. It begins with first analyzing the preferences and demands of consumers and then producing goods that will satisfy them. This eye-on-the-consumer approach is known as the marketing concept, which simply means that instead of trying to sell whatever is easiest to produce or buy for resale, the makers and dealers first try to find out what the consumer wants to buy and then go about making it available for purchase. Every step --- design, production, distribution, promotion --- is made according to consumer demand.
This concept does not imply that consumer satisfaction is given priority (优先) over profit in a company. There are always two sides to every business activity --- the firm and the customer --- and each must be satisfied before trade occurs. Successful merchants and producers, however, recognize that the surest route to profit is through understanding customers. This concept has been recognized in such slogans as "Have It Your Way," and "You're the Boss." A good example of the importance of satisfying the consumer presented itself in mid-1985, when Coca Cola changed the flavor of its drink. The non-acceptance of the new flavor by a significant portion of the public brought about a quick restoration of the Classic Coke, which was then marketed alongside the new. King Customer ruled!
0、A good knowledge of the difference between marketing and selling leads to ____.
A、a basic command of the marketing concept
B、the conversion of goods into money
C、a perfect command of salesmanship
D、the efficient production of goods
1、The last sentence of the passage suggests that ____.
A、the consumer should be advised on what to say
B、the consumer should be allowed to do things in his own way
C、the consumer should have the final say in the selling of any product
D、the consumer should be treated like a king
2、A successful business deal can take place only when ____.
A、the customer is satisfied at the expense of the company
B、a company makes a big profit
C、consumer satisfaction and company profit are given equal importance
D、priority is given to the requirements of the customer
2、Not too long ago, industries focused on ____.
A、the selling of new products
B、the needs and wants of customers
C、producing and selling goods
D、moving goods to the market
4、The very core of marketing lies in ____.
A、an understanding of consumer needs
B、the efficient movement of goods
C、developing new wants for consumer goods
D、making goods readily available to customers
2、One of the most fascinating questions about human behavior is each person is different from all others. The answer to this question would explain the aspect of human nature called personality. Some theories assume that inborn characteristics determine human personality. Many observers have hypothesized that each person has a dominant temperament, present from birth, that influences his or her behavior during an entire lifetime. According to one of these theories, people can be classified into four basic types: sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic and melancholic. Each type or temperament is characterized by a unique set of possible strengths and possible weaknesses.
Sanguine people are described as the most outgoing of the four temperaments. They are warm, fun-loving, and like the company of others. Because of these strengths, it is said that sanguines often make good salesmen, actors, or public speakers. Sanguines, however, may have some serious weaknesses. Their problems often come from their lack of discipline. Easily distracted, they often lack the concentration to complete a job or follow through on a promise. For this reason, other people may not trust them.
Choleric people, are quite different from the carefree, emotional sanguines. Because of their strong will, decisiveness, and productivity, cholerics are natural leaders who are good at making vast plans and motivating other people to help them carry out their plans. They are often successful in business, industry, or politics. Choleric weaknesses can be very damaging, however. Because a strong desire to lead, they can be cruel and cold toward those who do not wish to follow. They often do not listen to advice from others, and once they make a decision, they may become hostile toward anyone who questions that decision.
Phlegmatics are calm, easygoing people who strive for efficiency and organization. Very diplomatic and polite, they make people feel comfortable and generally help keep things running smoothly. For these reasons, they make good teachers, technicians, etc. Phlegmatics, however, often have weaknesses that keep them from becoming successful. Afraid to take chances, they may let opportunities go by. In fact, they may avoid taking any steps to improve their position in life.
Melancholics are often considered to be gifted persons who possess creative talent. They are very analytical and able to understand complicated processes and to note detail. These people can make good doctors, scientists, artists, writers, and musicians. Melancholics are also said to be loyal, idealistic and self-sacrificing. However, melancholics frequently make themselves miserable because they tend to be negative and critical, and put up inflexible standards. They attach importance to everything they do, so they worry too much and see problems everywhere, and complain too much. They often become disappointed because neither they nor the people around them can live up to their high standards.
Explaining human personality in terms of innate temperaments is a theory that has not been generally accepted by psychologists. They criticize it for being too simplistic and unscientific. This may be so; however, present-day psychologists have been unable to formulate a single theory.
0、What are said to be the most important features of Choleric people?____
A、Decisive and cold.
B、Hostile and fun-loving.
C、Cruel but sympathetic.
D、Strong-willed and polite.
1、The word "dominant" probably means ____.
1、Outgoing are those sanguine people ____.
A、who are emotional and carefree
B、who can be good businessmen
C、who like to be in big firms or corporations
D、who enjoy the habit of making fun of others
2、Why is each person different from all others?___
A、Because of their different background.
B、Because of their innate personalities.
C、Because of their various body temperature.
D、Because of their psychology.
4、Who are likely to be rejected by a bright-future project?____
3、How much paper do you use every year? Probably you can't answer that question quickly. In 1990 the world's use of paper was about one kilogram for each person in a year. Now some countries use as much as 50 kilograms of paper for each person in a year. The amount of paper a country uses shows how far advanced the country is, some people say. It is difficult to say whether this is true: different people mean different things by the word 'advanced'. But countries like the United States, England and Sweden certainly use more paper than other countries.
Paper, like many other things that we use today, was first made in China. In Egypt and the West, paper was not very commonly used before the year 1400. The Egyptians wrote on papyrus. Europeans used Parchment for many hundreds of years. Parchment was very strong; it was made from the skin of.
Certain young animals. We have learnt some of the most important facts of European history from records that were kept on parchment.
The Chinese first made paper about 2000 years ago. China still has pieces of paper which were made as long ago as that. But Chinese paper was not made from the wood of trees. It was made from the hair-like parts of certain plants.
Paper was not made in southern Europe until about the year 1100. Scandinavia which now makes a great deal of the world's paper, did not begin to make it until 1500. It was a German named Schaeffer who found out that one could make the best paper from trees. After that, the forest countries of Canada, Sweden, Norway Finland and the United States became the most important in papermaking. Today in Finland, which makes the best paper in the world, the paper industry is the biggest in the land. New papermaking machines are very big, and they make paper very fast. The biggest machines can make a piece of paper 300 metres long and six metres wide in one minute.
When we think of paper, we think of newspaper, books, letters, envelopes, and writing paper. But there are many other uses. Only half of the paper that is made is used for books and newspapers, etc.
Paper is very good for keeping you warm. Houses are often insulated with paper. You have perhaps seen homeless men asleep on a large number of newspapers. They are insulating themselves against the cold. In Finland, where in winter it is sometimes - 40℃centigrade, the farmers wear paper boots in the snow. Nothing could be warmer.
Each year, more and more things are made of paper. We have had paper cups, plates, and dishes for a long time. But now we hear that chairs, tables, and even beds can be made of paper. With paper boots and shoes, you can wear paper hats, paper dresses, and paper raincoats. When you have used them once, you throw them away and buy new ones.
The latest in paper seems to be paper houses. These are not small houses for children to play in, but real, big houses for people to live in. You can buy a house with three chief rooms, for about $500. You can put it up yourself in a few hours, and you can use it for about five years.
People have made paper boats, but they have not yet made paper aeroplanes or cars. Just wait - they probably will.
0、Chinese paper was once made from ____.
A、the grass-like plant which grows near water
B、the wood of trees
C、the hair-like parts of certain plants
D、the skins of certain animals
1、____use more paper than other countries.
A、The United States, England and Sweden
B、The United States, England and Finland
C、China, England and Sweden
D、The United States, England and Switzerland
1、We have learnt some of the most important facts of European history from records that were kept on ____.
2、"Nothing could be warmer." The writer means ____.
A、leather boots are warmer than paper boots
B、paper boots are too cold to put on at -40℃
C、no other boots are warmer than paper boots
D、sleeping on numbers of newspaper is the warmest ways of sleeping
4、Paper was not made in southern Europe until ____.
A、about the year 1400
B、about the year 1100
C、about the year 1900
D、about the year 1500
4、Is language, like food, a basic human need without which a child at a critical period of life can be starved and damaged? Judging from the drastic experiment of Frederick II in the thirteenth century it may be. Hoping to discover what language a child would speak if he heard no mother tongue he told the nurses to keep silent.
All the infants died before the first year. But clearly there was more than language deprivation here. What was missing was good mothering, in the first year of life especially, the capacity to survive is seriously affected.
Today no such drastic deprivation exists as that ordered by Frederick. Nevertheless, some children are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for that is that the mother is insensitive to the cues and signals of the infant, whose brain is programmed to mop up language rapidly. There are critical times, it seems, when children learn more readily. If these sensitive periods are neglected, the ideal time for acquiring skills passes, and they might never be learned so easily again. A bird learns to sing and to fly rapidly at the right time, but finds the process slow and hard once the critical stage has passed.
Linguists suggest that speech milestones are reached in a fixed sequence and at a constant age, but there are cases where speech has started late in a child who eventually turns out to be of high IQ (Intelligence Quotient). At twelve weeks a baby smiles and utters vowel-like sounds; at twelve months he can speak simple words and understand simple commands; at eighteen months he has a vocabulary of three to fifty words. At three he knows about words which he can put into sentences, and at four his language differs from that of his parents in style rather than grammar.
Recent evidence suggests that all infants are born with the capacity to speak. What is special about man's brain, compared with that of the monkey, is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel of, say, a teddy bear with the sound pattern "teddy-bear". And even more incredible is the young brain's ability to pick out an order in language from the hubbub of sound around him, to analyses, to combine and recombine the parts of a language in novel ways.
But speech has to be triggered, and this depends on interaction between the mother and the child where the mother recognizes the cues and signals in the child's babbling, clinging, grasping, crying, smiling, and responds to them. Insensitivity of the mother to these signals dulls the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signal. Sensitivity to the child's non-verbal cues is essential to the growth and development of language.
0、By "critical times" the author means ____.
A、difficult period the child's life
B、moments when the child becomes critical towards its mother
C、important stages in the child's development
D、times when mothers often neglect their children
1、Frederick II's experiment was "drastic" because ____.
A、he wanted to see if the children could die before they reached the age of one
B、he ignored the importance of mothering to the infant
C、he was unkind to the nurses
D、he wanted to prove that children are born with the ability to speak
1、The reason some children are backward in speaking today is that ____.
A、their mothers are not intelligent enough to help them
B、their mother do not respond to their attempt to speak
C、their brains have to absorb too much language at once
D、they do not listen carefully to their mothers.
2、If the mother does not respond to her child's signals ____.
A、the child will stop giving out signals
B、the child will never be able to speak properly
C、the child will invent a language of its own
D、the child will make little effort to speak
4、Which of the following is NOT implied in the passage?____
A、The child's brain is highly selective.
B、The faculty of speech is inborn in man.
C、Most children learn their language in a definite stage.
D、Children do not need to be encouraged to speak.
5、The development of Jamestown in Virginia during the second half of the seventeenth century was closely related to the making and use of bricks. There are several practical reasons why bricks became important to the colony. Although the forests could at first supply sufficient timber, the process of cutting trees or wood into timber was extremely difficult, particularly because of the lack of roads. Later, when the timber on the peninsula had been exhausted, wood had to be brought from some distance. Building stone was also in short supply. However, as clay was plentiful, it was inevitable that the colonists would turn to brick making.
In addition to practical reasons for using brick as the principal construction material, there was also an ideological reason. Brick represented the long-lasting and permanent quality. The Virginia Company of London instructed the colonists to build hospitals and new residences out of brick. In 1662, the Town Act of the Virginia Assembly provided for the construction of thirty-two brick buildings and forbade the use of wood as a construction material. Had this law ever been successfully enforced, Jamestown would have been a model city. Instead, the citizens failed to completely obey the law; and by 1699 Jamestown had fallen into a pile of broken stones or bricks with only three of four houses left.
0、By passing a law, the Virginia Assembly hoped to ____.
A、discourage the local people from building too many houses
B、prevent the destruction of trees on the peninsula
C、establish a city that would last a long time
D、increase the manufacture of bricks
1、What is the main topic of this passage?____
A、The use of bricks in Jamestown in the 17th century.
B、The development of Jamestown in the 17th century.
C、The reason why Jamestown had fallen by 1699.
D、The law governing construction in Virginia in the 17th century.
1、Which of the following statements is NOT a reason for using bricks in construction?____
A、The timber was not of good quality.
B、The process of cutting trees depended on good roads.
C、There was a great amount of clay available.
D、Wood had to be brought from some distance.
2、According to the passage, what eventually happened to Jamestown?____
A、It was practically destroyed.
B、It became a model city.
C、It was almost completed.
D、It had no more residences.
4、It can be inferred from the passage that citizens in Jamestown preferred to use ____as their construction material.
6、It has been thought and said that Africans are born with musical talent. Because music is so important in the lives of many Africans and because so much music is performed in Africa, we are inclined to think that all Africans are musicians. The impression is strengthened when we look at ourselves and find that we have become largely a society of musical spectators （旁观). Music is important to us, but most of us can be considered consumers rather than producers of music. We have records, televisions, concerts, and radios to fulfil many of our musical needs. In most situations where music is performed in our culture it is not difficult to distinguish the audience from the performers, but such is often not the case in Africa. Alban Ayipaga, a Kasena semiprofessional musician from northern Ghana, says that when his flute （长笛) and drum ensemble （歌舞团) is performing, "Anybody can take part". This is true, but Kasena musicians recognize that not all people are equally capable of taking part in the music. Some can sing along with the drummers, but relatively few can drum and even fewer can play the flute along with the ensemble. It is fairly common in Africa for there to be an ensemble of expert musicians surrounded by others who join in by clapping, singing, or somehow adding to the totality of musical sound. Performances often take place in an open area (that is, not on a stage) and so the lines between the performing nucleus and the additional performers, active spectators, and passive spectators may be difficult to draw from our point of view.
0、The author of the passage implies that ____.
A、all Africans are musical and therefore much music is performed in Africa
B、most Africans perform as well as professional musicians
C、most Africans are capable of joining in the music by playing musical instruments
D、not all Africans are born with musical talent although music is important in their lives
1、The difference between us and Africans, as far as music is concerned, is that ____.
A、most of us are consumers while most of them are producers of music
B、most of us are passive spectators while they are active spectators
C、we are the audience and they are the additional performers
D、we are musical performers and they are semiprofessional musicians
1、The word "such" refers to the fact that ____.
A、music is performed with the participation of the audience
B、people tend to distinguish the audience from the performers
C、music is performed without the participation of the audience
D、people have records, television sets and radios to fulfill their musical needs
2、The best title for this passage would be ____.
A、The Relationship Between Musicians and Their Audience
B、Differences Between African Music and Music of Other Countries
C、A Characteristic Feature of African Musical Performances
D、The Importance of Music to African People
4、The word "nucleus" probably refers to ____.
A、musicians at the centre of attention
B、active participants in a musical performance
C、musicians acting as the core in a performance
D、musicians famous in Africa
五 、命题作文 (共 1 题、0 / 14 分 )
1、For this part, you are allowed 30 minutesto write a composition entitled Away from Net-bars Campaign. You should writeat least 150 words according to the following guidelines (given in Chinese):