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The idea of becoming a writer came to me 61 my childhood in Belleville, but it 62 until my third year in high school that the possibility came into 63 . Until then I’d been bored by everything associated 64 English courses. I found English grammar dull and difficult. I hated the assignments to turn out long, 65 paragraphs that were agony for teachers to read and for me to write.

When our class was assigned to Mr. Fleagle for third-year English, I anticipated another cheerless year in that most tedious subject. Mr. Fleagle had a reputation among students for dullness and an 66 to inspire. He 67 very formal, rigid and 68 out of date. To me he looked to be sixty or seventy and excessively prim (正经的、规矩的).He wore primly severe eyeglasses, and his wavy hair was primly cut and primly combed. He wore prim suits with neckties set primly against the collar buttons of his prim white shirts. He had a primly pointed jaw, a primly straight nose, and a prim manner of speaking that was 69 correct and gentlemanly 70 he seemed a comic antique.


In a telephone survey of more than 2,000 adults, 21% said they believed the sun revolved (旋转) around the earth. An additional 7% did not know which revolved around 61 I have no doubt that virtually all of these people were 62 in school that the earth revolves around the sun; 63 may even have written it on a test. But they never altered their incorrect mental models of planetary (行星的) 64 because their everyday observations didn’t support what their teachers told them: People see the sun “moving” across the sky as morning turns to night, and the earth seems stationary (静止的) 65 that is happening.

Students can learn the right answers 66 heart in class, and yet never combined them 67 their working models of the world. The objectively correct answer the professor gives and the student’s personal understanding of the world can 68 side by side, each unaffected by the other.

Outside of class, the student continues to use the personal model because it has always worked well 69 that circumstance. Unless professors address specific errors in students’ personal models of the world, students are not likely to replace them with the 70 one.


History appears to have provided many examples of whether war has eventually resulting in peace, this perception is an error. The end of war does not bring peace; it just brings about the end of 61. This confusion in defining the result of 62 a war as an indication of peace can be corrected by being willing to see things 63 and more clearly.

Being at peace is not just a ceasing of hostilities, 64 a characteristic of how you live and how you treat others within the world. Being at peace is more than not engaging in war. Being at peace is 65 embracing (拥抱) and extending peace by being peaceful and pursuing peaceful methods of existence. When we are not doing so, we are not at peace, 66 there is an active war underway or not.

There are almost endless examples for us to think war was necessary in our past 67 bring about peace and it’s hard to understand how we could have survived without engaging 68 war to either protect ourselves 69 gain something we valued or believed we needed. This method of thinking only exists because we go far, far out of our way to not see 70 there is always a peaceful solution.


The Chinese divide the subjects of painting 61 four principal classes—Landscape, Man and Objects, Flowers and Birds, and Plants and Insects. The second class, Man and Objects, must be 62 principally as concerning man, his works, his belongings, and, in a general 63 , all things created by the hand of man, in combination with landscape. This was the convention in early times when the first painters whose artistic purpose can be formulated 64 certainty, portrayed the history of the legendary beings of Taoism, ——the genii and fairies dwelling amidst an imaginary Nature. The records tell us, 65 , that the early masters painted portraits, but it was at a later period that Man and Objects composed a class distinct from Landscape, a period responsible 66 those ancestral portraits painted after death, which are almost always attributable to ordinary artisans. Earlier they endeavored to apply to figure painting the methods, technique and laws 67 for an ensemble in which the thought of nature predominated. Special rules 68 on this subject are sometimes found of a very early date but there is no indication that they were collected into a definite system until the end of the seventeenth century. 69 to the present time our only knowledge of their content is through a small treatise published 70 the beginning of the nineteenth century.


5.[单选题] He looked up and saw that the moon was _____ the trees in the east.
B. on

6.[单选题] A witness in a murder trial is _____ to know the facts in the case.
A. assured
C. insured

7.[单选题] We should consider other _____ of the problem as well as seriousness.

Our team _____ the visitors in the football match yesterday afternoon.

A. took the first of
B.took the best of
C.got the first of
D. got the best of

9.[单选题] The _____on international economic problems met in Geneva last Monday.
C. inference
D. reference

The new evening dress _____ her as much as 400 dollars.

A. cost

11.[单选题] I hope to _____ you at your office at three o’clock today.
A.call off
B.call at
C. call on
D. call out

12.[单选题] , the murderer was killed by his own gun.
A. well
C. locally

13.[单选题] The ship took machines and other goods back to the port _____ it had set off.
A. to which
B.from which
C.in which
D. which

14.[单选题] This is a very _____ piece of apparatus. You must handle it with care.
C. complicated
D. accurate

15.[单选题] I _____this book in an old bookstore on Fourth Avenue.
A.came up
B. came on
C.came over
D.came across

It was difficult to see through the _____ fog.

B. thin

17.[单选题] It is well known that knowledge makes people ; ignorance makes people proud.
C. narrow
D. humble

18.[单选题] It is thought to be a wise way to have some money _____ for old age.
A.put aside
B.given in
C. taken off
D. set out

19.[单选题] Breakfast is _____ in the dining-room from 6:30 to 8:30 a.m. at this hotel.
A. made
D. eaten

20.[单选题] Jim was very popular with those who could vote, and he was _____that he could win the election.
C. trusted
D. believable

21.[单选题] The runner’s to excel during practice was rewarded when he won the race.
B. chance
C. power
D. example

22.[单选题] As winter _____ the weather became colder.
C. passed by
D. approached

23.[单选题] Don’t _____ . I can help you with the typing.
C. care

24.[单选题] I’ve made an _____ to see Dr. Lewis at 3 o’clock this after­noon,
A. application

It is not unusual today for old people to spoil their grandchildren with toys and sweets and to yield to their aggressive demands. It is natural that old people adore their grandchildren, but it is not normal that this adoration should go so far as to create little emperors and empresses. Such adoration has a negative effect on the children’s personalities and moral standards.

A survey of 152 such families found that 88 percent of grandparents admitted that they tended to yield to their grandchildren’s every request, especially if the children had resorted to tears.

It seems that when children are told off by their parents and their teachers, their elder relatives interfere, protecting and comforting the children. When the children are required to do some family chore, 59 percent of the old people said they would invariably do it for them. Some grandparents would even go to school to sweep floors and wash windows for their grandchildren.

It has become usual that when little boys and girls get good marks in examinations, their grandparents reward them. As a result, the children have come to take these favors for granted and have become less considerate towards others.

Parents and teachers have all appealed to old people to be sensible for the sake of future generations.

The problem of these spoiled children can be solved. First, parents and grandparents should understand that their task is to train the children to become both self-controlled and self-reliant. Second, young parents should cooperate with the old instead of leaving the grandparents entirely responsible to raise the children. And third, they should allow the children to be more independent.

(1) The words “emperors” and “empresses” (paragraph 1) refer to .
A. future kings and queens
B. sons and daughters
C. grandsons and granddaughters
D. male and female students

The phrase “told off” (paragraph 3) means .

A. blamed
B. persuaded
C. advised
D. educated

According to the passage, which of the following statements is Not true?

A. Grandparents’ deep love for their grandchildren sometimes has a negative effect.
B. Grandparents often satisfy the claims of their grandchildren.
C. Grandparents often give their grandchildren toys, or something else as rewards when they score high in examinations.
D. Grandparents can hardly do anything to solve the problem of these spoiled children.

When the children are rewarded for their good marks, they .

A. think they deserve the reward
B. are grateful to their teachers
C. are grateful to their parents
D. think they owe something to their grandparents

The writer’s purpose in writing the article is .

A. to appeal to the old to care for their grandchildren in a sensible way
B. to arouse public interest in future generations
C. . to help children become more independent
D. to show the benefits of education in school


Last week as my husband and I were driving near the beach, we noticed a small house with a “For Rent” sign. We went onto the front porch and knocked at the door, but no one answered, so we walked down the steps and around to the rear of the house. There we found a small yard surrounded by a fence with an old metal gate.

Because the house was empty, we decided to take a look inside. We looked in one of the windows near the back porch and saw that the inside was dusty but in generally good condition. The walls and floors were in perfect condition. The only thing that needed repair was the ceiling in the kitchen, which had been damaged by some rainwater.

While we were looking, a neighbor came over to see who we were. The house belonged to him, so he was able to take us inside. There were a total of six rooms, and all but the kitchen and carpeting. The house was unfurnished, but there were still several pictures hanging in one of the rooms. In general, the house looked wonderful.

The landlord explained to us that the rent was $350 per month, due by the fifth day of each month, and that usually he required a deposit equal to one month’s rent. However, if we would repair the ceiling, he would not charge us the deposit. The idea sounded very good, so my husband and I went home to discuss things. We decided to take it.

The couple .

A. drove to the beach for holiday
B. happened to find a house for rent.
C. noticed a small house surrounded by a fence
D. walked around, trying to find the back door of the house

There was a small yard .

A. behind the house
B. in front of the house
C. far from the house
D. near the house

Why did they think it was all right to take a look inside the house?

A. Because the house was in perfect condition.
B. Because the house was under repair.
C. Because the house was untidy.
D. Because the house was not occupied by anyone.

From the second paragraph, we know that .

A. the house was in good condition except for the kitchen ceiling damaged by rain water
B. the house was not so dirty as they had expected
C. they would rather not rent the house
D. . they had to have the floors repaired

. Which of the following is true?

A. The walls were badly damaged.
B. The landlord asked the couple to repair the kitchen.
C. The couple had to pay one month’s rent as a deposit.
D. There were several pictures hanging in one of the rooms.


It was Monday, Mrs. Smith’s dog was hungry, but there was not any meat in the house.

Considering that there was no better way, Mrs. Smith book a piece of paper, and wrote the following words on it, “Give my dog half a pound of meat.”

Then she gave the piece of paper to her dog and said gently, “Take this to the butcher and he’s going to give you your lunch today.”

Holding the piece of paper in its mouth, the dog ran to the butcher’s shop. It gave the paper to the butcher. The butcher read it carefully, recognized that it was really the lady’s handwriting and presently did as he was asked to. The dog was very happy, and ate the meat up immediately.

At midday, the dog came to the shop again. It gave the butcher a piece of paper again. After reading it, he gave it half a pound of meat once more.

The next day, the dog came again exactly at midday. And as usual, it brought a piece of paper in the mouth. This time the butcher did not take a look at the paper, and gave the dog its meat, for he had regarded the dog as one of his customers.

But, the dog came again at four o’clock. And the same thing happened once again. To the butcher’s more surprise, it came for the third time at six o’clock, and brought with tit a third piece of paper. The butcher felt a bit puzzled. He said to himself, “This is a small dog. Why does Mrs. Smith give it so much meat to eat today?”

Looking at the piece of paper, he found that there were not any words on it!

Mrs. Smith treated her little dog quite .

A. cruelly .
B. kindly
C. badly
D. unfairly

It seemed that the dog knew well that the paper its master gave it .

A. might do it much harm
B. could do it much good
C. would give the butcher some meat
D. was worth many pounds

Usually the butcher gave some meat to the dog .

A. when he found there were no words on the paper
B. when he had some meat left in his shop
C. after he felt sure that the words were really written by Mrs. Smith
D. until he was paid enough by Mrs. Smith

Form his experience, the dog found that .

A. only the paper with Mrs. Smith’s words on it could bring him meat
B. the butcher would give the meat to him whenever he saw him
C. a piece of paper could bring him half a pound of meat
D. Mrs. Smith would pay for the meat he got from the butcher

At the end of the story , you’ll find that .

A. . the butcher found himself cheated by the smart animal
B. the dog was clever enough to write on the paper
C. the dog dared not go to the butcher’s any more
D. the butcher was told not to give any meat to the dog


To us it seems so natural to put up an umbrella to keep the water off when it rains. But actually the umbrella was not invented as protection against rain. Its first use was as a shade against the sun!

Nobody knows who first invented it, but the umbrella was used in very ancient times. Probably the first to use it were the Chinese, back in the eleventh century B.C.

We know that the umbrella was used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as a sunshade. And there was a strange thing connected with its use: it became a symbol of honor and authority. In the Far East in ancient times, the umbrella was allowed to be used only by royalty or by those in high office.

In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as sunshade. And the umbrella was in common use in ancient Greece. But it is believed that the first persons in Europe to use the umbrella as protection against the rain were the ancient Romans.

During the Middle Ages, the use of the umbrella practically disappeared. Then it appeared again in Italy in the late sixteenth century. And again it was considered a symbol of power and authority. By 1680, the umbrella appeared in France, and later on in England.

By the eighteenth century, the umbrella was used against rain throughout most of Europe. Umbrellas have not changed much in style during all this time, though they have become much lighter in weight. It wasn’t until the twentieth century that women’s umbrellas began to be made, in a whole variety of colors.

(1) . According to this passage, the umbrella was probably first invented .
A. in ancient China
B. in ancient Egypt
C. in ancient Greece
D. in ancient Rome

Which of the following statements is not true about the umbrella?

A. No one exactly knows who was the inventor of the umbrella.
B. The umbrella was first invented to be used as protection against the sun.
C. The umbrella changed much in style in the eighteenth century.
D. In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella.

(3) A strange feature of the umbrella’s use is that it was used as .
A. protection against rain.
B. a shade against the sun
C. a symbol of honor and power
D. . women’s decoration

(4) In Europe, the umbrella was first used against the rain .
A. during the Middle Ages
B. by the eighteenth century
C. in Rome
D. in Greece

This passage talks mainly about .

A. when and how the umbrella was invented
B. . why the umbrella was so popular in Europe
C. the development of the umbrella
D. the history and use of the umbrella


Nine-year-old Louis Pasteur rushed into the little house, his face white.

“Mother!” he cried, “A mad dog has bitten my friend Henry, and now they are burning him with red-hot irons. It’s terrible!”

“Rabies, Louis. Burning the bites is the only hope of stopping Henry from catching the disease.”

Henry did get rabies and died, in great pain, some days later. Louis Pasteur never forgot. “One day,” he thought, “I must do something to help people like Henry.”

Sixteen years later Pasteur became a Doctor of Science. And he began making important discoveries in his special field.

Pasteur achieved great success in his life. But during the years of research he lost the use of his left arm and leg. Yet he worked on and on, as hard as ever, as he was eager to find a way for curing rabies.

He never forgot his friend Henry.

After many dangerous experiments on mad dogs, he finally found the answer. Just then a boy who had been badly bitten by a mad dog arrived at his lab. A few days after Pasteur’s treatment the boy got better. He did not catch rabies.

The discovery gave new hope to people in many countries. People sent money to help build the Pasteur Institute in Paris. Today it is one of the world’s most famous canters for research.

Pasteur became a Doctor of Science. “Doctor of Science” here means .

A. . a degree which is the highest in science
B. someone whose job is to make sick people well again
C. a person who works in the lab
D. the post in science

Though Pasteur was in poor health, he worked hard in order .

A. to make a living.
B. to prevent the dog from rabies
C. to find a good way to cure rabies
D. . to protect children from mad dogs

Which of the following statements is Not true?

A. His left arm and leg became disabled.
B. Though his left arm and leg were disabled, he worked even harder than before.
C. Louis was famous for his discovery.
D. In his childhood he made up his mind to become a doctor.

The fact that people in many countries sent money to help build the Pasteur Institute shows that .

A. Pasteur was respected by people
B. the people supported Pasteur''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s research on rabies
C. the people rewarded Pasteur for the discovery
D. the people knew he lived a poor life

(5) This passage is mainly about
A. Louis Pasteur''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s experience and achievements in curing rabies
B. how Louis Pasteur''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s friend died
C. how Louis Pasteur''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s arm and leg were disabled
D. Louis Pasteur cured a boy who had been badly bitten by a mad dog


—Hello, let me introduce myself. My name is Nancy

— .

A.Nice to meet you. I''m Simon.
B.That would be lovely.
C.I''m in the Sales Department.
D.Really? I don''t think so.

31.[单选题] —Hi, Tom, this is my friend John.
— .
A.How are you?
B.Nice to meet you.
C.Hi, Tom, I''''''''m John.
D.Are you Tom?

— I think he is a good lecturer.
— .

A.Sorry, it doesn''t matter.
B.So do I.
C.I don''t mind.
D.Yes. It''s a good idea.

33.[单选题] When you are introduced to someone, you should say
A.Fine, thank you.
B.I''''''''m getting on well
C.love you very much
D.How do you do?

34.[单选题] —Please allow me to introduce Mr. Smith, director of the department.
— .
A.Haven''t we met before?
B.How do you do?
C.I''ve heard so much about you.
D.I haven''t seen you before.

35.[单选题] —Let''s give him a .
A.warmly welcome
B.warm welcoming
C.warming welcome
D.warm welcome

— Hello, I''m David Chen. Nice to meet you.
— .

A.Very nice.
B.Nice to meet you too.
D.Are you?

37.[单选题] —Have you met my girl friend, Susan? Susan, this is Li.
— .

A.How are you?
B.Welcome home.
C.Glad to meet you.
D.Thank you.

— Paul, this is my friend, Ann.

— .

A. Glad to meet you, Jack.
B.How do you like the party?
C.Very well, thank you.
D.Glad to meet you, Ann.

— Hey, Tom, what''s up?

— .

A. Yes, definitely!
B.What is happening in your life?
C. Oh, not much.
D.You are lucky.

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