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西南大学19秋[1095] 有机化学(二)在线作业参考

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端木老师 发表于 2019-10-3 09:01:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
端木老师
2019-10-3 09:01:22 85 0 看全部
1095 有机化学(二)$ u8 X% {& x& F5 i
1.[单选题]命名下列化合物(   )
2 D& K) u4 K6 |奥鹏作业答案可以联系QQ 761296021
  d7 h' l, A, Y, _, U- @4 N' Z5 V- h' ^<img title="201709041504534634927099231.png" alt="图片147.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504534634927099231.png" width="78" height="54" style="width: 78px; height: 54px;"/>' Q- o. g$ ], C# e
    A.苯甲腈
) c& L$ R8 w/ Z% i    B.苯乙腈8 n$ p" H9 e, }4 A0 k
    C.乙腈
9 e7 I$ z) e9 y; ~- H3 W5 x5 j+ }7 {    D.甲腈
) ?7 m' X( t2 ~0 O: [5 U* w+ c4 V) u+ j2.[单选题]<img title="201709041504493348894081639.png" alt="图片14.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504493348894081639.png" width="536" height="57" style="width: 536px; height: 57px;"/>
& Z* J+ I; u  A1 e    A.<img title="201709041504493411506090816.png" alt="图片18.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504493411506090816.png" width="182" height="56" style="width: 182px; height: 56px;"/>
) M8 {% c/ A# Q. w9 d    B.<img title="201709041504493359485030920.png" alt="图片15.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504493359485030920.png" width="101" height="95" style="width: 101px; height: 95px;"/>9 o4 [. q7 t# K( |. m1 N6 u: m
    C.<img title="201709041504493369135001152.png" alt="图片16.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504493369135001152.png" width="146" height="52" style="width: 146px; height: 52px;"/># s+ V; i% T6 h7 T$ b
    D.<img title="201709041504493377926075726.png" alt="图片17.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504493377926075726.png" width="166" height="77" style="width: 166px; height: 77px;"/>+ g7 T; H. L) {: ^
3.[单选题]如何除去苯中含有的少量杂质吡咯(     )。
/ c* Z0 e4 M+ ~# C; W, o1 x    A.用浓硫酸处理反应体系,吡咯会因为聚合而被破坏,聚合物可以通过过滤除去
. k7 m$ H/ |/ L    B.用稀硫酸处理反应体系,吡咯会因为聚合而被破坏,聚合物可以通过过滤除去
- m& x, j2 \6 o9 @/ y    C.用浓硫酸处理反应体系,吡咯很容易与浓硫酸发生磺化反应而溶解在浓硫酸中,从苯中分离出去。, J$ `% d0 _  H5 [9 X- g
    D.用稀硫酸处理反应体系,吡咯很容易与稀硫酸发生磺化反应而溶解在稀硫酸中,从苯中分离出去。
4 \2 Y8 u2 g3 ?  H/ I4.[单选题]<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490012603773056774.png" title="201703201490012603773056774.png" alt="图片1.png"/>6 P( J* n" |: T7 T: E
    A.<img title="201706081496919547387054807.png" alt="图片4.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201706081496919547387054807.png" width="84" height="54" style="width: 84px; height: 54px;"/>7 F1 m2 T4 m' m  T8 D
    B.<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490012896771034132.png" title="201703201490012896771034132.png" alt="1D.png"/>
% f7 i# L5 g4 x. i$ L' X  Z+ P    C.<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490012711098827666.png" title="201703201490012711098827666.png" alt="1A.png"/>7 `% ?5 V& z) g; m
    D.<img title="201706081496919533936013942.png" alt="图片2.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201706081496919533936013942.png" width="97" height="71" style="width: 97px; height: 71px;"/>
0 d- l1 U" l- b7 E( f9 C; w% G    E.<img title="201706081496919541137069148.png" alt="图片3.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201706081496919541137069148.png" width="80" height="77" style="width: 80px; height: 77px;"/>
0 j( H* Z8 G1 ]0 |* L6 D    F.<img title="201706081496919519370009344.png" alt="图片1.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201706081496919519370009344.png" width="91" height="76" style="width: 91px; height: 76px;"/>
, ]/ Y' F8 }; b7 @0 s* ~    G.<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490012824693090800.png" title="201703201490012824693090800.png" alt="1B.png"/>
. X+ \5 M; Z, [    H.<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490012888250093675.png" title="201703201490012888250093675.png" alt="1C.png"/>
* u* e2 a1 _) s0 c$ P5.[单选题](    )是最常用的淀粉鉴定试剂。5 G, d# {0 l) L; K
    A.茚三酮( W( b) b6 Z% _( n' p, l$ M6 L
    B.2,4-二硝基氟苯
3 |) r7 g9 P' ^+ c6 c8 ?6 H- s' y    C.碘' }9 }8 X! E) H! I8 [
    D.异硫氰酸苯酯
0 D9 \1 \4 c8 `: V! H( {/ J0 ]( o6.[单选题]命名下列化合物(    )
' F0 p, f7 E* r* |( r/ m4 _' [5 v<img title="201709041504526432564069809.png" alt="图片135.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504526432564069809.png" width="56" height="110" style="width: 56px; height: 110px;"/>
: n& o& }, H9 X! U    A.戊二酸酐
0 ?. b" {0 I0 z2 w9 [5 X    B.反丁烯二酸酐, p# c+ k1 b6 {0 e# \% B$ ~3 y
    C.丁二酸酐! ^" L0 y3 e4 C0 d+ P/ r
    D.顺丁烯二酸酐
" w+ `/ R2 J7 \4 S7.[单选题]下列化合物中,碱性最强的是(    )。$ d1 [* [% Z3 `# x( E$ Z% p% |& t
    A.<img title="201709041504494134204049670.png" alt="图片22.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494134204049670.png" width="85" height="110" style="width: 85px; height: 110px;"/>
; l6 b5 i6 E, Q, k6 o) C    B.<img title="201709041504494119548018621.png" alt="图片20.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494119548018621.png" width="66" height="102" style="width: 66px; height: 102px;"/>
1 G8 X3 Z9 o; V" c0 o; Q    C.<img title="201709041504494126971079561.png" alt="图片21.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494126971079561.png" width="70" height="104" style="width: 70px; height: 104px;"/>
7 U. w9 ?. {+ u    D.<img title="201709041504494111863096448.png" alt="图片19.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494111863096448.png" width="100" height="106" style="width: 100px; height: 106px;"/>
$ L3 h0 P$ p) n& _+ s3 E8.[单选题]下列化合物中,(    )可以用作化学合成染料。  n' \9 g& c/ M* q/ L+ R
    A.<img title="201709041504494643456038680.png" alt="图片26.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494643456038680.png" width="88" height="78" style="width: 88px; height: 78px;"/>  L4 ~0 A" ~6 ?* M
    B.<img title="201709041504494602802086413.png" alt="图片25.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494602802086413.png" width="116" height="76" style="width: 116px; height: 76px;"/>
# x6 |7 ]% e7 l4 }' U2 C    C.<img title="201709041504494592577037613.png" alt="图片24.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494592577037613.png" width="338" height="86" style="width: 338px; height: 86px;"/>
$ o" s, {; [! A% [    D.<img title="201709041504494585450056289.png" alt="图片23.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504494585450056289.png" width="94" height="53" style="width: 94px; height: 53px;"/>
/ \8 Z; |+ d3 [! v' m9.[单选题]蛋白质的基本组成单位是(    )。9 V5 k7 b( G( d; J) [& p
    A.氨基酸
1 o) m) k- ]' U  H( M/ J8 f    B.脱氧核糖核酸
5 e: Z% C* t3 N- N    C.核糖核酸; P, Z2 v% h7 x4 F! u& v  R) {, s
    D.葡萄糖4 [" p; S4 B7 Y) q4 G: r2 b& n
10.[单选题](   )是一切糖类甜味剂中甜味最大的单糖。
" |# d6 Y- k- f+ M' L% s% r- U    A.D-木糖
( A- b# c) N: ?9 G4 B    B.D-半乳糖
4 n/ D- Z7 H. |4 j! d  S. \, s    C.?D-果糖3 k) h( O, P, j% s
    D.D-葡萄糖
$ m! E* j7 n+ |& A/ O6 o$ d$ J11.[单选题]<img title="201709041504534484409039367.png" alt="图片142.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504534484409039367.png" width="590" height="97" style="width: 590px; height: 97px;"/>+ [) r4 I& ^: z! E0 ]! r) h" W
    A.<img title="201709041504534520470037759.png" alt="图片146.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504534520470037759.png" width="153" height="86" style="width: 153px; height: 86px;"/>9 M8 U9 V/ Z$ G  G( C
    B.<img title="201709041504534513784055115.png" alt="图片145.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504534513784055115.png" width="173" height="80" style="width: 173px; height: 80px;"/># ^1 [) L! i" z( f5 S% i7 N
    C.<img title="201709041504534497055094667.png" alt="图片143.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504534497055094667.png" width="170" height="88" style="width: 170px; height: 88px;"/>" @& U- g* M) i& E+ p, ~8 q
    D.<img title="201709041504534506076020773.png" alt="图片144.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504534506076020773.png" width="163" height="77" style="width: 163px; height: 77px;"/>: u7 }: u# O: i3 n, D9 O
12.[单选题]<img title="201709041504536934279065349.png" alt="图片157.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504536934279065349.png" width="602" height="83" style="width: 602px; height: 83px;"/>
- {* t* _) z7 F    A.<img title="201709041504536971237086343.png" alt="图片161.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504536971237086343.png" width="126" height="96" style="width: 126px; height: 96px;"/>
( U1 j- \8 Q& |    B.<img title="201709041504536958961093249.png" alt="图片160.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504536958961093249.png" width="147" height="97" style="width: 147px; height: 97px;"/>) c9 O2 Z6 S$ k1 z
    C.<img title="201709041504536952474068140.png" alt="图片159.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504536952474068140.png" width="126" height="93" style="width: 126px; height: 93px;"/>
$ W. c, g# r$ L8 t    D.<img title="201709041504536946062077743.png" alt="图片158.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504536946062077743.png" width="145" height="97" style="width: 145px; height: 97px;"/>
' N- b: S5 a1 r* L' N* m13.[单选题]<img title="201709041504501987759067041.png" alt="图片37.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504501987759067041.png" width="462" height="61" style="width: 462px; height: 61px;"/>
9 G  r( c. W# k6 e- [- g0 E    A.<img title="201709041504502037137014171.png" alt="图片41.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504502037137014171.png" width="137" height="113" style="width: 137px; height: 113px;"/>
' ]* o# A! v: z, f2 \    B.<img title="201709041504502001057067829.png" alt="图片38.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504502001057067829.png" width="101" height="76" style="width: 101px; height: 76px;"/>
! b5 D2 k8 o$ b8 ]    C.<img title="201709041504502011118074866.png" alt="图片39.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504502011118074866.png" width="160" height="47" style="width: 160px; height: 47px;"/>
4 |4 S& s9 x) {& ^3 ?% c: j    D.<img title="201709041504502019111052898.png" alt="图片40.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504502019111052898.png" width="134" height="80" style="width: 134px; height: 80px;"/>
7 m' r& @% D" J2 d14.[单选题]下列化合物中,(   )不能与水形成氢键。# z/ k" F  S. c/ N
    A.甲胺
, l& r6 G# e0 ~2 r' C6 f3 ], I    B.二甲胺
$ [( V2 i& X. \$ U" |+ E/ e    C.甲烷
1 Z) Q$ U6 p( B, x1 J. z, h* F    D.三甲胺0 m5 Q' a! e7 \7 I7 Z
15.[单选题]<img title="201709041504503384280003221.png" alt="图片43.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504503384280003221.png" width="471" height="97" style="width: 471px; height: 97px;"/>: L9 e/ N. V/ f0 @3 @# P
    A.<img title="201709041504503414211032653.png" alt="图片46.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504503414211032653.png" width="144" height="53" style="width: 144px; height: 53px;"/>9 R4 v) d2 E7 E& r- ?
    B.<img title="201709041504503425450029697.png" alt="图片47.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504503425450029697.png" width="146" height="50" style="width: 146px; height: 50px;"/>" z% O, |; `7 p
    C.<img title="201709041504503397050079091.png" alt="图片44.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504503397050079091.png" width="130" height="77" style="width: 130px; height: 77px;"/>
7 o! x) x3 \2 ~+ C    D.<img title="201709041504503404465014207.png" alt="图片45.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504503404465014207.png" width="130" height="51" style="width: 130px; height: 51px;"/>
$ l/ H  X& A1 M16.[单选题]命名下列化合物(    )
0 C4 ?' F) A8 v8 z<img title="201709041504488384801057961.png" alt="图片2.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504488384801057961.png" width="74" height="53" style="width: 74px; height: 53px;"/>3 u- M; H# M4 }4 K# S
    A.2-甲基呋喃. W) T* @7 x, ?! d4 J+ O
    B.1-甲基四氢呋喃
) _2 K8 H9 O  M    C.2-甲基四氢呋喃" i6 f, I4 B) R' }% b6 v. _' @
    D.1-甲基呋喃6 j& v0 F1 S8 H$ w* E
17.[单选题]<img title="201709041504504841152027159.png" alt="图片53.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504504841152027159.png" width="412" height="55" style="width: 412px; height: 55px;"/>
8 Z/ N, \" K" s% J    A.<img title="201709041504504860651041379.png" alt="图片55.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504504860651041379.png" width="50" height="47" style="width: 50px; height: 47px;"/>
  f; j* [+ r6 ~+ A( {5 x    B.<img title="201709041504504853577067979.png" alt="图片54.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504504853577067979.png" width="60" height="51" style="width: 60px; height: 51px;"/>
- S/ h0 }. a! g8 }0 J8 T    C.<img title="201709041504504875929004206.png" alt="图片57.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504504875929004206.png" width="84" height="26" style="width: 84px; height: 26px;"/>
' ]& S* I4 [" p6 W    D.<img title="201709041504504867526077551.png" alt="图片56.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504504867526077551.png" width="62" height="24" style="width: 62px; height: 24px;"/>
( t5 y3 J2 {( q5 E" l3 |7 f0 R( v18.[单选题]写出对氨基苯乙酮的结构(       )& s/ \' p! I0 c# k/ g# y& g
    A.<img title="201709041504539166112031606.png" alt="图片163.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504539166112031606.png" width="83" height="90" style="width: 83px; height: 90px;"/>; S" S0 p$ @% x$ U1 m* y
    B.<img title="201709041504539190675001822.png" alt="图片166.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504539190675001822.png" width="143" height="87" style="width: 143px; height: 87px;"/>9 i( g! }+ C( @
    C.<img title="201709041504539175222097852.png" alt="图片164.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504539175222097852.png" width="104" height="97" style="width: 104px; height: 97px;"/>- X: \2 c* `! b
    D.<img title="201709041504539182271015514.png" alt="图片165.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504539182271015514.png" width="128" height="96" style="width: 128px; height: 96px;"/>
5 q( l3 X+ |' ^# ~19.[单选题]<img title="201709041504501193817086589.png" alt="图片27.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504501193817086589.png" width="406" height="76" style="width: 406px; height: 76px;"/>
" I7 p8 q+ }6 G+ I1 r    A.<img title="201709041504501214418098148.png" alt="图片29.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504501214418098148.png" width="82" height="76" style="width: 82px; height: 76px;"/>' G# Q( O- a! y9 N: M  U
    B.<img title="201709041504501225836011451.png" alt="图片30.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504501225836011451.png" width="66" height="76" style="width: 66px; height: 76px;"/>& V& T7 m! B6 J  o/ ~
    C.<img title="201709041504501232602033630.png" alt="图片31.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504501232602033630.png" width="83" height="76" style="width: 83px; height: 76px;"/>, f2 f8 Z) _0 b
    D.<img title="201709041504501206141075872.png" alt="图片28.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504501206141075872.png" width="60" height="87" style="width: 60px; height: 87px;"/>
$ p, y2 w& U. M; t# x) L8 r" x20.[单选题]<img title="201703201490007997504011001.png" alt="图片1.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490007997504011001.png"/># Y; {# D) n4 k; p0 Z3 K7 q3 h8 f
    A.<img title="201703201490012042500037384.png" alt="C.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490012042500037384.png"/>
/ E" q/ X# O$ }' x3 F9 e5 F( @5 N    B.<img title="201703201490008105310026837.png" alt="图片2.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490008105310026837.png" width="110" height="63" style="width: 110px; height: 63px;"/>! K- |1 q8 ?) u4 r- A; ~
    C.<img title="201703201490012051818001673.png" alt="D.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490012051818001673.png"/>
( ~2 E6 @4 ~5 D. n, X( a    D.<img title="201709051504579208641032368.png" alt="图片1.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709051504579208641032368.png" width="100" height="64" style="width: 100px; height: 64px;"/>) q: N' I7 M" m) S
21.[单选题]<img title="201709041504507075539002441.png" alt="图片67.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504507075539002441.png" width="514" height="80" style="width: 514px; height: 80px;"/>
* d) z. J1 V4 M6 ]3 o# s7 s4 @& r    A.<img title="201709041504507106188018075.png" alt="图片70.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504507106188018075.png" width="103" height="101" style="width: 103px; height: 101px;"/>
7 V* U2 c3 M  z+ t    B.<img title="201709041504507098644085609.png" alt="图片69.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504507098644085609.png" width="156" height="76" style="width: 156px; height: 76px;"/>
" m! E9 `! t. ]3 J& C6 u- E' U1 o    C.<img title="201709041504507113410005272.png" alt="图片71.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504507113410005272.png" width="106" height="81" style="width: 106px; height: 81px;"/>
( P1 x: S8 i+ t    D.<img title="201709041504507090694081399.png" alt="图片68.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504507090694081399.png" width="133" height="77" style="width: 133px; height: 77px;"/>
( C: @4 P" G! F, ?22.[单选题](     )和亚硝酸或亚硝酸盐及过量的酸在低温下反应可生成芳香重氮盐 。
* u( S/ s% n, v; ]: M, i* V& U    A.芳香铵盐; g9 m5 D$ U+ C, N
    B.?芳香三级胺
. I) B1 g- D8 I& y4 d% |& Z    C.?芳香一级胺
' p  F4 ?' M7 s; y% G* ]5 O7 L    D.?芳香二级胺
% ^' N8 u2 m# K7 h; v23.[单选题]为何酰胺熔沸点比分子量相近的酯高( )。
' H0 U, N6 }3 e+ |; o2 P    A.范德华力
/ U# v. h0 I/ ~" i. {  @    B.A and B) N  G& d3 Z5 ?3 D; B
    C.分子间氢键作用
* f* ?; K, J9 t- B1 f& f- N, H    D.分子间静电作用
/ e, g+ t& \* c+ v1 y24.[单选题]下列氨基酸中,(     )不属于必需氨基酸。8 M" w6 Q8 l* R  {% L# U1 }& N
! S) I, {6 i; ^: o* _( C* i
# ?% t& R: E' c8 k8 h9 Y/ g, m
    A.蛋氨酸
" {: }" h& R. F9 c( l3 t4 j7 P    B.异亮氨酸$ p8 B& M, u: ^" B
    C.精氨酸1 \) B4 D, D+ T2 H) M% o) ]* C: n
    D.赖氨酸) J/ ?0 \' G  k7 l. P# u1 c& I$ Q
25.[单选题]两个或两个以上的异戊二烯分子以头尾相连的方式结合起来的化合物称为______。
' N" b- P% i5 I$ z& s& _1 Y/ W    A.生物碱5 q6 J# b6 o" }" L# f" F/ b
    B.甾体化合物6 [7 e, z4 \; y3 e& u+ s, C: d; X
    C.萜类化合物
4 f. W) K% f9 T( Q9 q2 t( T2 e    D.蛋白质
1 s( A9 d6 U" o" G4 f% ~) u' ]26.[单选题]<img title="201709041504490558221089295.png" alt="图片9.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504490558221089295.png" width="492" height="101" style="width: 492px; height: 101px;"/>4 U8 Q  }, _" [3 s
    A.<img title="201709041504490587286048527.png" alt="图片12.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504490587286048527.png" width="94" height="87" style="width: 94px; height: 87px;"/>' @6 Y. [8 U. o4 [
    B.<img title="201709041504490578181009666.png" alt="图片11.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504490578181009666.png" width="96" height="92" style="width: 96px; height: 92px;"/>
, U' N/ c: h4 `( m7 H( i- y0 @: e' X    C.<img title="201709041504490570043062213.png" alt="图片10.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504490570043062213.png" width="71" height="107" style="width: 71px; height: 107px;"/>
7 N) s; {4 A* U    D.<img title="201709041504490594569075148.png" alt="图片13.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504490594569075148.png" width="71" height="101" style="width: 71px; height: 101px;"/>
5 \9 S: T4 E5 ^+ i27.[单选题]<img title="201709041504489934342054477.png" alt="图片4.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504489934342054477.png" width="408" height="107" style="width: 408px; height: 107px;"/>$ y( u( ^0 |2 S8 M/ }: {( A
    A.<img title="201709041504489951571088611.png" alt="图片6.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504489951571088611.png" width="131" height="114" style="width: 131px; height: 114px;"/>
* y9 ~) V  |2 f2 X# w8 z' [1 d    B.<img title="201709041504489945364042359.png" alt="图片5.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504489945364042359.png" width="120" height="114" style="width: 120px; height: 114px;"/>+ g6 U( G& k/ y; J
    C.<img title="201709041504489965706028057.png" alt="图片8.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504489965706028057.png" width="132" height="121" style="width: 132px; height: 121px;"/>
& A2 P: x: h' r7 @: Y) k0 V" Y' ~* r    D.<img title="201709041504489958582005248.png" alt="图片7.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504489958582005248.png" width="143" height="117" style="width: 143px; height: 117px;"/>
; X% k  Z7 H+ y28.[单选题]下列基团中____不能用来保护羟基" \: A& _( @0 V! v& N: ?
    A.THP(四氢吡喃基)4 ~3 o. t: |" a
    B.对甲氧基苄氧基甲基p-MeOC6H4CH2OCH2―简写为PMBM
' ]+ K3 Y8 G% w* p  S    C.硅保护基,例如三乙基硅基(TES)4 _# X4 T; U) T9 D2 v2 T: D7 o$ V
    D.苄基$ O. {7 k  u9 v) {
29.[单选题]下列反应中,(     )不属于周环反应。
/ r3 n2 d$ q5 P2 Y' {/ i% M    A.Cope重排, x; ^6 T7 q6 d9 E$ ]
    B.Claisen重排9 G% u' V: k2 M1 G, |
    C.Aldol缩合反应
% B& F, e! j4 Y! B0 v1 o& `, Y7 U    D.Diels-Alder反应
3 }. v8 B# g! U8 h  u4 C, V30.[单选题]下列试剂中,(    )可以用来鉴别伯、仲、叔胺。6 ^. u+ m/ d; T8 C  ?# c9 c+ u
    A.Lucas试剂
9 a6 f8 x0 J5 ~- d7 g7 O1 W! s    B.碘
3 W3 m& o9 z7 [: `1 ?  {4 q    C.茚三酮
, x: V9 R5 R4 N' y7 \3 m    D.亚硝酸
' C$ N3 t+ t# @+ D31.[单选题]下列氨基酸中,(     )属于必需氨基酸。# o) V+ V$ I& \2 w5 ~1 N; o' N
    A.脯氨酸! P0 Z$ }6 ^( k% R$ n, z
    B.半胱氨酸, F& S4 |& I7 c1 b) A# a
    C.亮氨酸! M" B* n- b& z# k: k+ @" j, ?
    D.甘氨酸
" H  ]& a. x8 b' g32.[单选题]糖的环形结构不能说明下列哪些现象或性质?
2 s2 Y0 O+ s( R; w( t, x    A.只与一分子醇形成缩醛. T6 O- r! w; \
    B.糖的递增反应    无忧答案网  微信761296021
8 p. U2 Y% k1 U! J6 h    C.变旋现象
( ]: N. H% f% {; B7 |/ Q    D.葡萄糖不和NaHSO3反应
; t2 e% D! D+ |33.[单选题]命名下列化合物(   )
; c( [* x) i: M6 r! T<img title="201703201490015453049091515.png" alt="1.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490015453049091515.png"/>+ I5 Q- k) F" p2 L+ T  H; j
    A.A. 2-溴代丙酸乙酯
4 l4 d( ], D! ^- X8 b* W    B.3-溴代丙酸乙酯
- H. k6 S6 ]) u* I    C.2-溴代乙酸乙酯
2 ?0 x8 `$ p$ ]1 D/ m$ q& i    D.3-溴代乙酸乙酯
/ M% z$ x) |1 D* l! c: G34.[单选题]<img title="201709041504517630138073955.png" alt="图片124.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504517630138073955.png" width="387" height="106" style="width: 387px; height: 106px;"/>( h- N/ D. g+ E1 M! f
    A.<img title="201709041504517653754063262.png" alt="图片127.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504517653754063262.png" width="48" height="107" style="width: 48px; height: 107px;"/>
" v1 ~6 }7 ~3 F( S( u0 d* R    B.<img title="201709041504517648070080003.png" alt="图片126.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504517648070080003.png" width="86" height="83" style="width: 86px; height: 83px;"/>
6 E2 M: v. H' K. `    C.<img title="201709041504517642473015706.png" alt="图片125.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504517642473015706.png" width="84" height="77" style="width: 84px; height: 77px;"/>
* x: }) j! x7 U, i# T    D.B and C
7 x$ a4 R  D* t5 y35.[单选题]苯并呋喃的芳香亲电取代反应主要在______上发生。
1 G; B/ M) D- m    A.苯环的C-7
, F, l# A3 N+ g* E- P: _    B.杂环的C-31 W* U9 w& X, l. ~  _; e
    C.苯环的C-5
2 c# e5 v3 z$ M, l5 A7 }    D.杂环的C-2* o7 O- l+ P; n6 E
36.[单选题]命名下列化合物(    )6 M/ f2 Y( q! p4 v4 k, f
<img title="201709041504511829452053727.png" alt="图片96.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201709041504511829452053727.png" width="91" height="62" style="width: 91px; height: 62px;"/>" q$ C( Z( C- D* v) ]
    A.己醇
! U( e8 U% ]0 T5 |1 G6 R    B.己胺
+ ]7 v& I$ J  a. ]$ m" l    C.环己醇
) F: m$ J2 F; W  {: o    D.环己胺
# }; Q& Y. a* e6 V4 f. U37.[判断题]<img title="201708151502763649739084609.png" alt="图片2.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201708151502763649739084609.png" width="436" height="96" style="width: 436px; height: 96px;"/>
2 R& Q, u& O8 J+ P+ H$ Z! }    A.正确
& A! j% g0 C- {7 ?9 M4 V    B.错误) S0 L# j, ^$ G+ X1 v  K1 v: r  b
38.[判断题]苯炔中间体机理又称做加成-消除机理。
+ U8 N, W9 b9 u2 ^: n$ ]2 u    A.正确
- V' D; U( E: T" n    B.错误
' {& h, d" Q6 e+ K# y39.[判断题]葡萄糖是一个单糖。- V4 R) ^9 e( s5 @* J6 V! c
    A.正确
7 n  t8 a- M- \' b' H    B.错误
+ @: K& s- u6 w) B1 x40.[判断题]氯甲酸甲酯ClCOOMe可以用来保护羧基。
1 M2 Y7 F) G  h    A.正确/ m. _2 O; c8 ?" L7 o, }
    B.错误
" T, Q: u+ P4 |$ _41.[判断题]用于保护氨基的两个最重要的化合物是氯代甲酸苯甲酯和氯代甲酸三级丁酯。
1 c( m+ b) W5 Q3 }- U& ?+ i+ {    A.正确5 P5 k$ F6 R! i3 c
    B.错误
* ?( ?3 P% ?7 v42.[判断题]芳香族硝基化合物最重要的性质是能发生各种各样的还原反应。在催化氢化或较强的化学还原剂的作用下,硝基可以直接被还原为氨基。+ e7 |3 v& m0 I2 A
    A.正确
# U: _  V$ K; A7 r    B.错误# k" b- G) B9 {/ ^
43.[判断题]由于蒎烯中有一个不稳定的四元环,所以它们很容易发生碳正离子的重排,使碳架发生改变。
! |0 |' G, x& X    A.正确- _! I. D3 R" X( J( c$ t6 T/ `+ O1 S
    B.错误
: D/ x8 D# F0 g3 a7 e7 I* f44.[判断题]胰岛素被认为是最小的一个蛋白质。
, I6 g( Z- S6 r; {    A.正确
- m1 Y' \5 x+ O' ^    B.错误0 R9 b( [) J! R
45.[判断题]蔗糖是一个单搪。
. O  N$ s8 z2 F- O    A.正确7 N+ v7 {0 A0 r6 `6 l5 e; s
    B.错误
% m: g- q- B5 I& y* E" O1 D46.[判断题]在Hofmann重排反应中,酰胺与次卤酸盐的碱溶液作用,放出二氧化碳,生成比酰胺少一个碳原子的一级胺。7 S4 s. A* g' @
    A.正确, N9 X* y# M1 A2 n
    B.错误2 F, G3 |' U+ o- a. g) g
47.[判断题]羧酸分子中羧基上的羟基被卤素取代后所产生的化合物统称为酯类化合物。
* B9 P/ ~8 z6 y( P  U% o( M# J    A.正确% W5 p6 p' D1 t0 ?( l
    B.错误  H* V1 y$ X$ c0 v
48.[判断题]用卤代酸酯和邻苯二甲酰亚胺钾反应,然后再水解,可以生成很纯的氨基酸。9 p7 |5 e" ~5 U
    A.正确4 F7 i/ i* k% k% d7 G, b
    B.错误
$ \6 F% x+ Q! g) ~4 ~49.[判断题]吲哚同系物的最重要合成方法是Hantzsch A(韩奇)合成法。
- ]1 D& N  Q! \4 W! D; n0 T; d    A.正确! |/ J9 O* x% |5 ~. u: c# I: |" W
    B.错误2 p8 u8 K0 y8 C5 F, P
50.[判断题]吡啶的亲电取代反应主要发生在α位 。2 S) s- K2 O  i) h/ l, J
    A.正确
% B+ q; V9 m) |4 T% C9 B5 t( t8 l    B.错误; C+ e) z% V, }: w, C
51.[判断题]苯炔可以通过多种方法制成,但最经济、简便的方法是用邻氨基苯甲酸制成重氮盐,该重氮盐受热分解成二氧化碳、氮气和苯炔。
5 {% K6 W1 Y0 N: D$ b! P) r+ X6 b    A.正确" x5 N6 \$ Z, F0 t7 l
    B.错误
  e. X+ j4 ]; V3 e0 O52.[判断题]在芳香族硝基化合物中,硝基氮、氧上的p轨道与苯环上的p轨道一起形成一个更大的共轭体系。7 F! E, w; H$ |& R- C
    A.正确. h; h3 }5 s% B* P
    B.错误
5 c; N  w3 i8 I7 A( U$ O9 J  W53.[判断题]在发生亲电取代反应时,呋喃、噻吩、吡咯的α位比β位活泼,因此反应易在β位进行。9 p0 |. ?, g! X% E' D
    A.正确6 k6 @% d  E6 R4 d3 H8 E
    B.错误
  d8 G2 k+ M1 h( S- {' u54.[判断题]苯环侧链α-H比2,4,6位烷基吡啶的侧链α-H活泼。
# ?0 \+ J( ?6 Z" `5 U& y7 r    A.正确$ L8 O6 ~* e  h5 Z5 v5 |
    B.错误$ n) D6 h3 F$ m
55.[判断题]脂肪胺的碱性比氨弱。
4 U' t, f9 x& x) z    A.正确! J  m1 s1 h& K6 d5 t" Z
    B.错误
/ l! a3 f1 @5 t5 I  b1 X56.[判断题]所有属于4n体系的共轭多烯加热时都必须采取对旋关环的方式,光照时都必须采取顺旋关环的方式。; ^3 g& x: k6 t* K
    A.正确. r/ a# H3 N3 d+ a, Y
    B.错误- ]8 L* W$ u* n- M  }3 @
57.[判断题]<img title="201708151502769714224083623.png" alt="图片7.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201708151502769714224083623.png" width="371" height="82" style="width: 371px; height: 82px;"/>
% w% i8 [0 n4 F  W# o    A.正确
3 B+ a; a: a; g2 j& w$ \) J5 V4 U" I) i    B.错误
5 Y1 ]/ P# K& t8 t" K58.[判断题]呋喃、噻吩、吡咯中的碳原子与杂原子均以sp2杂化轨道互相连接成σ键,并且在一个平面上,每个碳原子及杂原子上均有一个p轨道,互相平行,在碳原子的p轨道中有一个p电子,在杂原子的p轨道中有两个P电子,形成一个环状封闭的6π电子的共轭体系。0 t2 O8 N& c* Z+ Q
    A.正确3 ?; Z* l& S7 I& V6 s
    B.错误+ Q4 `0 L0 ]+ o7 K" [- ?
59.[判断题]甾族化合物是指含有环戊并全氢化菲骨架的一大类化合物。
- e4 S+ K0 }3 x8 J3 f; v# G    A.正确, F6 O- @3 w6 W" J4 l9 b0 O
    B.错误( \* G8 W4 ~: e! V: C/ Q& N: {2 H) T
60.[问答题]请比较2,4,6-三硝基苯胺与苯胺的碱性强弱,并说明其原因。
/ L$ A( x/ Q5 K9 b( P    A.6 c* A  c- r% ?- f) O
61.[问答题]呋喃、噻吩、吡咯都具有芳香共轭体系,都可以发生芳香亲电取代反应。试比较其亲电取代反应的难易顺序。$ ]+ F$ j' A6 g4 V! N
    A.
. A4 m( X4 p0 k, x* j1 t* I8 L62.[问答题]为什么吡啶具有碱性?7 [( v1 M) Q1 D) E. g& a, M4 _
    A.' g( }1 n' O$ G0 B
63.[问答题]比较下列分子或离子的碱性强弱。. u4 u8 Z) U" x) b9 u
p-CH3-C6H4-COO-    p-HO-C6H4-COO-   p-O2N-C6H4-COO-   C6H5-COO–2 u; }" u; q5 Q/ h! Q

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3 R" c1 b3 O3 U3 J# c2 W64.[问答题]完成下列转换:
3 R; Q5 N2 ~- K: J! y<img title="201703201490014857996019704.png" alt="32.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490014857996019704.png"/>/ r, b. F- m! `8 P
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65.[问答题]1. 试解释亲核加成反应中,ArCH2COR的反应活性为何比ArCOR高?
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66.[问答题]简述环状糊精的结构特点。% A+ N- C4 |0 X
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67.[问答题]如何进行氨基酸的鉴定?6 K3 `- A5 b1 n7 }1 _
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68.[问答题]简述多肽链的结构特点。& r$ X/ Q. f1 T+ j! h
    A.
* ]" F! D/ J1 _# N# ~3 k0 Q+ T69.[问答题]以苯为起始原料,制备间溴苯胺。, P5 W# u. a! @& V& R2 S
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70.[问答题]由指定的原料及不超过五个碳的有机原料和必要无机试剂合成下列化合物
1 I; |+ W3 _  D0 n6 h( Y<img title="201703201490017841265021021.png" alt="36.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490017841265021021.png"/>
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71.[问答题]吡咯、呋喃、噻吩的硝化反应能否在强酸条件下进行?为什么?5 A! l8 ]4 B4 b% m$ n
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72.[问答题]三甲胺的分子量比二甲胺大,但其沸点比二甲胺低,这是为什么?6 U6 u. |+ x* s7 ^4 ?; E
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73.[问答题]某化合物A的分子式为C7H12O3,A与HCN反应后再用碱处理,得到化合物5-甲基-5-氰基戊内酯,请写出化合物A的结构简式及由A生成5-甲基-5-氰基戊内酯的反应机理。
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74.[问答题]以甲苯为原料,合成下列化合物:3 k. i% I' @: `2 V3 W- {) s
<img title="201703201490017766272001137.png" alt="351.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490017766272001137.png"/>
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75.[问答题]由指定的原料及不超过五个碳的有机原料和必要无机试剂合成下列化合物<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490018253386062839.png" title="201703201490018253386062839.png" alt="问图5.png"/>
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* W1 I9 o; G2 b/ K$ V0 d76.[问答题]什么是逆合成分析?# K( K. y* E/ h0 y
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77.[问答题]为什么氨基酸的熔点很高?, s0 k) t! v, p, N* Q1 ]& B  X9 h
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78.[问答题]如何进行淀粉的鉴别?& ~5 [5 ?# a- H9 q0 a
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1 u3 g" C& L9 A/ K, L# M6 U79.[问答题]简述硝基苯的结构特征。* B9 t4 {: _7 o
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80.[问答题]比较下列羰基化合物的α-氢活泼性并加以解释?
2 W3 r4 E# g4 R: {2 A( b酰氯    酯    酰胺    醛    酮
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    A.
( C4 g  L6 j9 x81.[问答题]从丙二酸二乙酯及其它必要的试剂合成) w" L" K5 c4 s
<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490018125106004286.png" title="201703201490018125106004286.png" alt="问图3.png" width="146" height="60" style="width: 146px; height: 60px;"/>/ ~5 H% d/ j! _5 o8 ~# e
    A.
3 O6 z1 W; \; I8 ~7 t" d' n, K82.[问答题]由指定的原料及不超过五个碳的有机原料和必要无机试剂合成下列化合物<img src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490016428452024706.png" title="201703201490016428452024706.png" alt="问图5.png"/>
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& P( N/ L" d% x: O83.[问答题]将<img title="201703201490016048705092499.png" alt="31.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490016048705092499.png" width="116" height="66" style="width: 116px; height: 66px;"/>与含1 mol NaOH的乙醇溶液长时间加热反应,主要产物是什么?为什么?/ z) K8 s  m9 q$ M, f
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84.[问答题]请对下列分子进行合理的切断,并写出其合成子和合成等价物。) [7 G0 ~) }2 D5 ?
<img title="201703201490016784458088872.png" alt="11.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490016784458088872.png"/>% @% F& Z. E* ]: B
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85.[问答题]为什么苯炔的反应活性高?试从其结构特征解释。
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86.[问答题]列举选择保护基时须考虑的几个因素。
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2 h6 W- c- {* G+ e4 ~87.[问答题]人体必需的氨基酸有哪些?- l- y, g! P# m& u) F9 \: U7 @4 a
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88.[问答题]将下列化合物按水解反应的活性大小排列成序7 [6 {. O/ t% N# V. b4 _
<img title="201703201490013388024079483.png" alt="1.png" src="http://zuoye.eduwest.com/resourcefile/uploadFiles/file/questionImgs/201703201490013388024079483.png"/>7 D1 G# z: t/ H$ o0 X
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89.[问答题]试解释为什么酰亚胺氮上的氢具有酸性?  i! Z) e: W( x7 H7 l& z, C: f: J8 X9 j
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1 J, j- j! O( X! |4 {附件是答案,核对题目下载
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