[作业考核] 西交18年3月《英语2(新录)》作业考核(含主观题)

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西交18年3月课程考试《英语2(新录)》作业考核试题(含主观题)
! D( v1 N: R8 E- H总分:100分
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; W; R' y* n& F+ A答题中$ ]0 Y0 n) f1 M; a: s
一、单选题共20题,40分; ?! l2 R# W4 ^& z( g5 H- X
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* \7 k# R! }; L$ r" K* NI had great difficulty _________ the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant.        9 d% J" u, |. D$ ^, u) o0 D1 l
Afind( G+ Z7 C7 a3 N, }/ i2 q* `/ L7 A
Bfound8 y- X. Y* F4 q
Cto find
! ?' [* s" z# D  i2 QDfinding4 R2 ?/ L) z8 }$ d. |* q1 F3 ~- d
2* d& @, f" n8 |" I2 m0 Y
2分* k- r- `' g6 o9 F2 Y5 @% _! R
The new gym is _________ as the old one.        1 b5 M- Y0 s0 Z/ ^3 ?' P, q8 @
Athree times as large
- V+ T7 D$ K5 `* [Bthree times the size
& H' ]' C8 V  [3 `1 R; BCthree times larger than
& l! c# n/ f: M0 ?5 wDas three times large! s' Y& a" e  p5 w. l4 E7 ]) ?
3
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( o, H+ b! \  B5 ?— I can’t get on well with some of my classmates. They just leave me in the cold. — ________. But what’s the reason?        : u$ }/ O/ D. `4 F
ASorry to hear that.! L8 ?8 Y) j( D' |, }  p
BHow about that?3 m  L6 I: h; V* e/ _9 T3 W* n5 ^
CDon’t mention it., G: c. |" \$ A( z" U
DNever give up!' @3 q  ?. V0 L
4
  {4 E7 r" a9 r% n2分
% S! x" a% j* \  A2 a—Dad, I won first place in the speech contest.—______! I’m proud of you, my daughter.        
- B6 V  J# B% f' y6 mACongratulations% j( h/ p" S% X
BGood luck9 z! S( `/ L$ a: }( _' W/ s6 e
CMy pleasure: y! d' V# N" x  P- _
DGood idea* r- e6 E7 I. B! e) h
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2分/ ^1 g. E3 P& M& m
Is there _____ in today’s paper?        
2 v/ T9 N  ?( |% O. J5 ZAimportant something
9 T8 [" p- p; Q5 O& U! J7 ^Bimportant anything
- L9 x/ Q+ h3 k9 JCsomething important
8 a- l- L8 x0 N4 x0 vDanything important$ K& ~0 k' _2 h& |8 t9 v- n; X% V
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— What do you want to do next? We have half an hour until the basketball game. — ______. Whatever you want to do is fine with me.        
! i# b; u/ l: L* UAIt just depends
! L( G7 w( i9 d: t; N2 oBIt’s up to you& Y6 T: q+ E- @3 ^
CAll right3 Y& {, @; }1 S2 h/ X
DGlad to hear that* W+ Q& W: {/ _, f- v* p
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You can’t imagine how my sister finished the relay race ________ her left foot wounded so much.        
1 k+ d  _" n/ U/ @; G/ JAthat
0 ^0 t, {- M+ b, k+ ABfor
& f0 o7 O; x1 C. m5 m: [Cwith
; {4 r! v4 f  l7 {4 g( |Dwhile, l9 t8 ^# x8 X3 x5 c; h
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2分' D2 L9 v4 d8 n0 f
The Browns _______ the trains; if not, they would have been at the get-together as scheduled.        " h* B: W8 m7 ]* Q
Amust miss
5 z: D  o) f" T" fBmust have missed
! n/ G' y( r7 u: F/ ~) A9 }Cshould miss
% B; C5 c( k# B: z( n" @$ |, XDshould have missed) a* H( v3 i/ A0 s. d
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4 ]* c$ U% o8 \( I— Your spoken English is so good. Have you been abroad?— Yes. I ________ in London for two years.        
, I- V: S: L1 B) kAhave stayed
3 I  w" |9 m8 k) ~5 Q9 VBstayed
3 V. {7 V; p' c! S5 z* ]/ }Chad stayed! ^) u1 o2 v7 v, {
Dhave been staying
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2分& b4 K1 c, }: ~' j
— Have you been wasting time on computer games again?— ________. I’ve been studying a lot and I need a break.        
9 b- _" {6 Z* wANo way6 z7 F1 f5 m0 D# |5 O9 ]
BI don’t agree
& \4 b2 ~& E7 |* b% W0 @CNot really
8 \9 e, c+ R2 r1 c- ~DI couldn’t agree more
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2分, L# D- \/ K. @: ~* ]
China’s space station, ________ three capsules and covering an area of no less than 60 square meters, will be completed within 10 years.        
+ x2 u3 E4 j5 F  n5 \7 WAmaking up of2 r8 e6 g7 U4 D! `+ t3 U
Bmade up; s# m. ^8 f' I" T8 k8 y. C" b
Cconsisted of
) c+ T6 f2 S4 A. g! |2 S1 |1 hDconsisting of: h+ X, `7 J# h5 p& I
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& z) R. l; `- K3 _9 e— How do you find the concert in the Beijing Grand Theatre last night? — ______. But the conductor was perfect.        : ]2 V# ^$ H7 ^: p. d6 o  U" M
AI couldn’t agree more
# L- H$ `, B7 _- ZBI don’t think much of it& f  |# q/ F2 W2 f
CI was crazy about it2 W( p+ Y$ l8 E/ _, \$ `2 C9 a2 z, S
DI really like it- [% W. L/ D0 D- X& q7 d5 _' ]
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2分
, O4 q: v* v# l& P! m4 d6 V; Q8 |/ CThe discovery of new evidence led to _________.        , P5 \$ O) J% v1 Z
Athe thief having caught
" y0 n7 [3 ^. VBcatch the thief4 f9 \( @& U* Y$ R) ?
Cthe thief to be caught# M: }( b* {; d, ^, k" P3 r
Dthe thief being caught9 f7 f" r! v6 G  D$ k
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2 w4 }, a* e! e: NMr. White _____ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he didn’t turn up.        
) d1 H5 t+ k3 @& A3 FAshould have arrived3 u. R4 w& y. S7 m
Bshould arrive
( Q* ]' J' S1 ~Cshould have had arrived* H7 P' I- \& W# g. q  e# u, f
Dshould be arriving% N4 `! z0 v8 {" |5 W* L7 W
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— Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the British Museum?— Sorry, I’m a stranger here.— ______.        5 e; S% ^7 d8 P) B- A" o- @" z
AThanks anyway
9 B  E; Y! I9 l3 K: j& ZBIt doesn’t matter
+ q" \3 R0 ]1 D4 QCNever mind
5 S& E$ |' w2 ~+ qDNo problem4 ]: z5 Y/ ~2 ]# o: J
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2分
6 T8 G( N0 {& B. m— Thank you very much for helping me when I was in trouble.— _____.        # l! \! H, ?+ X1 J: R# i- [& X
ADon’t mention it/ M% l6 G/ L: z* X! b
BWith pleasure' |8 l/ p1 X& P5 a. K* u: b
CThat’s right1 s( F: v: v7 T# I# U2 T! w0 \
DYou said it
4 a. `+ E5 K' e* U7 n17
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  k8 Z  n; q3 s7 d+ C; GThe guide was enthusiastic and knowledgeable and we spent a lovely evening wandering into places which we ________ straight past otherwise.        - [( m& I! U' M7 |' q, f
Ahad walked
, e: w) ]- o6 S+ P# JBwere walking' \' R, _+ L+ s+ Z7 @. j& U: A. U# o
Cwould have walked
! y9 H* e3 ~& i5 G3 r- G2 xDmust have walked
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3 w2 J4 b% }# @) m6 s— The weather here in summer is so changeable. Please take an umbrella when you go out. — ________.        
3 h1 m+ n* H  l) Y+ k/ fAWell, don’t worry: @# A8 B/ I0 g$ Q9 ^
BWell, it just depends
( d4 [; G2 U- B( [COh, take it easy
' C; M! d; y, ^. }2 yDOK, just in case
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2分9 d2 l) G) m9 F( n+ z# z& |& G
— Have a nice weekend.— Thank you. _____.        9 [# }( l. w+ g- l0 c5 @
ASee you later
7 u/ i- L( b5 l$ t; L9 W  WBWhat about you3 H( R* t$ r! B6 Y& x; X0 p7 X
CThe same to you
" H: z. U% ^0 r& y" SDIt’s my pleasure
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2分
4 c+ W' x: b  i( ?" K, K$ hHad it not been for the haze(雾霾) weather phenomenon, there _____ fewer car accidents in Beijing then.        2 ?- ]$ g3 C/ P( K, V
Awere
* P2 D  W5 l* p: W1 ]2 O' y  O" g/ `- HBwould be
( j# n- x' E9 u& C: @Cmay be
/ W2 |% ]- X* J; b3 V2 E: T) IDwould have been  c+ b! J4 d$ ~8 s
二、阅读理解共3题,30分
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1 i8 d4 b% K" C6 l10分
9 D( o3 ]) I/ A, ]! IPsychologists have discovered that even the most independent-minded of us will conform to social pressure when we are with a group of people. In one classic experiment, people were shown a vertical line and asked to find a line of identical length from a selection of three. You might think that this is an absurdly easy task, and when people perform it by themselves they do it very well. However, psychologists have discovered that we are very easily swayed by the opinions of other people when we do this task in a group. In one study, a group of three people was set up, where two of the people were confederates (同伙) of the experimenter. When the confederates deliberately gave wrong answers, people were often swayed to give the wrong answer also. In fact, 75% of people gave at least one wrong answer, with some people conforming to peer pressure on every occasion. But why do people conform in this way? In an easy task like this, it seems that people do not want to step out of line with the prevailing opinion of the group. On more difficult tasks, people also conform because they lose confidence in their own ability to make decisions and prefer to trust the majority opinion instead. A typical example of this kind of conformity arises when we come across people in distress. Would you help a woman who has been attacked in the street? It turns out that you are much more likely to go to her assistance if you are alone. When other people are also around, a diffusion of responsibility occurs. People are paralysed into inaction, because everyone assumes that someone else will go to the woman’s assistance.        5 K" s, x+ y; w" k: s, H7 A4 X
(1)、In Paragraph 1, the underlined word "conform" probably means “________”.$ R6 g$ _6 y8 n4 k0 v6 B/ J! B
$ D4 w5 \2 b, `" j; T
Aseek independence9 E2 U, C4 J+ B" @2 c
Bdisobey orders/ s! O- c7 l! e# ^
Cseek pleasure2 G2 H8 g1 x* P/ g& P
Dfollow what others do5 \6 o- X, e) k9 y. r: y
(2)、What is the purpose of the experiment described in Paragraph 2? To ________.
0 n$ Q3 n3 ~+ k$ S9 P7 c" P  M" U. {6 p6 u; o. G/ F
Aexplain why people would be influenced by the opinions of others
  {4 c* c1 j6 [1 h; ^* uBprove that people are easily influenced by the opinions of others% \% g% L: Q6 Z0 E
Ctrain the confederates of the experimenter as independent-minded$ m' k# v3 W$ q, s0 _& l, h
Ddescribe how people would be influenced by the opinions of others
" L" A/ V& W5 U. s2 N(3)、In the last paragraph, according to the author, why wouldn’t one help the woman? He ________.
9 t/ z$ b/ D2 r& Z
: f+ \7 D/ K7 P1 SAthinks he has no responsibilities to give a hand
' P" P* T% p9 r( ~2 k. F0 tBthinks he has nothing to do with it: K2 R5 `0 e/ `0 _# h- O. ^2 v. O' s
Cis too shy to give his helping hand% G# ^1 @/ G9 F8 k1 f
Dthinks someone else will offer assistance1 I% j- W) J# ^" y. j
(4)、What method does the author mainly use to develop the text?+ N# G& S+ e% v6 Q/ Q/ J

) u( F8 G- Z- K1 X, i( X% M8 bAGiving examples.
- C6 U4 \; y4 o+ mBCause-effect analysis.
4 @# \( u* Y% c3 rCComparative analysis.$ B& ^! @5 u( G) O# ?4 R7 C
DProcess analysis.
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10分
7 @  D1 s/ L1 B5 l$ N! g: p" }+ i! lOwning a smartphone may not be as smart as you think. It may let you surf the Internet, listen to music and snap photos wherever you are…but it also turns you into a workaholic, it seems. A study suggests that, by giving you access to emails at all times, the all-singing, all-dancing mobile phone adds as much as two hours to your working day. Researchers found that Britons work an additional 460 hours a year on average as they are able to respond to emails on their mobiles. The study by technology retailer Pixmania reveals the average UK working day is between 9 and 10 hours, but a further two hours is spent responding to or sending work emails, or making work calls. More than 90 percent of office workers have email-enabled phones, with a third accessing them more than 20 times a day. Almost one in ten admits spending up to three hours outside their normal working day checking work emails. Some workers confess(承认) they are on call almost 24 hours a day, with nine out of ten saying they make work emails and calls outside their normal working hours. The average time for first checking emails is between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m., with more than a third checking their first emails in this period, and a quarter checking them between 11 p.m. and midnight. Ghadi Hobeika, marketing director of Pixmania, said, “The ability to access literally millions of apps, keep in contact via social networks and take photos and video as well as text and call has made smartphones invaluable for many people. However, there are drawbacks. Many companies expect their employees to be on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and smartphones mean that people literally cannot get away from work. The more constantly in contact we become , the more is expected of us in a work capacity(容量).”        
. r3 r, i& b- o3 ]* J2 T" ~7 g' _(1)、What can we conclude from the text?
+ y, l  g" b; Y% O) Z  M3 M( O7 j# `4 F
AAll that glitters is not gold.
: t3 k4 I. P" I. E  S0 OBIt never rains but pours./ b) a9 D9 ^6 z0 d* g
CEvery coin has two sides.
: t3 ]  D$ r& W; O3 L; RDIt’s no good crying over spilt milk.
9 C! C# U$ }+ C, f) g7 m% b  N(2)、The underlined word “accessing” in the third paragraph can be replaced by “________”.  g- v6 ~8 J, Z
0 ]: F5 x4 F7 e3 ]4 y
Acalling
. z1 g; i: ?) c8 o9 `9 q$ RBreaching
- o6 R' q) T( l7 K* D3 b" S5 sCgetting" I, c5 L6 B7 U% ]1 i
Dusing! o4 v: ^' Q- t3 ]" z
(3)、Which of the following is true according to the text?
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4 ^6 Q+ \& m4 t$ J2 XAThe average UK working time is between nine and twelve hours.: C# Q: p; T0 L' L& P
BNine- tenths of workers in UK spent over three hours checking work emails.
( J- q1 }0 Y: t( ~1 UCOne-fourth of the workers in UK check their first mail between 11 p.m. and midnight.% b( ^. B* [) X0 @( n8 f# B
DThe average time for first checking emails is between 6 a.m. and 8. am.) A( y+ L  N# f! e, p: K
(4)、What’s the main idea of the text?1 n& ]% F5 u/ g( d$ o- g
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AWorkaholics like smartphones.
9 p% q! L; h2 h5 V8 b. w9 xBSmartphones bring about extra work.
8 D5 w: {& M. V0 E0 V! ]4 o  ZCSmartphones make our life easier.
5 e' ^, G! @/ _, ?8 Y+ D+ LDEmployers don’t like smartphones." a1 b6 ?/ f# }
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10分
% A" c) K( z: Q$ l* U4 _The sharing economy, represented by companies like Airbnb or Uber, is the latest fashion craze. But many supporters have overlooked the reality that this new business model is largely based on escaping regulations and breaking the law. Airbnb is an internet-based service that allows people to rent out spare rooms to strangers for short stays. Uber is an internet taxi service that allows thousands of people to answer ride requests with their own cars. There are hundreds of other such services. The good thing about the sharing economy is that it promotes the use of underused resources. Millions of people have houses or apartments with empty rooms, and Airbnb allows them to profit from these rooms while allowing guests a place to stay at prices that are often far less than those charged by hotels. Uber offers prices that are competitive with standard taxi prices and their drivers are often much quicker and more trustworthy. But the downside of the sharing economy has gotten much less attention. Most cities and states both tax and regulate hotels, and the tourists who stay in hotels are usually an important source of tax income. But many of Airbnb’s customers are not paying the taxes required under the law. Airbnb can also raise issues of safety for its customers and trouble for hosts’ neighbors. Hotels are regularly inspected to ensure that they are not fire traps and that they don’t form other risks for visitors. Airbnb hosts face no such inspections. Since Airbnb is allowing people to escape taxes and regulations, the company is simply promoting thefts. Others in the economy will lose by bearing an additional tax burden or being forced to live next to an apartment unit with a never-ending series of noisy visitors. The same story may apply with Uber. Uber is currently in disputes over whether its cars meet the safety and insurance requirements imposed on standard taxis. Also, if Uber and related services flood the market, they could harm all taxi drivers’ ability to earn a minimum wage. This downside of the sharing needs to be taken seriously, but that doesn’t mean the current tax and regulatory structure is perfect.        ' Z4 h) y% M. S: I) V
(1)、What is the positive thing about the sharing economy?. r& q% g# x1 Z% e0 a

" E8 j% M1 m+ e* e: W) h, u: I" LAIt is a global trend.
* |# w1 u/ @, QBIt is beyond regulations.
5 P! o2 p: f9 }8 H) F2 }CIt draws on spare resources.0 `* \) H3 [1 v4 B0 P5 t# ~7 R
DIt brings in modest profits.3 _3 u- n% J" r5 C8 c- x
(2)、What is the problem with Airbnb customers according to the passage?2 a8 Q* F$ Z3 L' Q3 J8 ?

" X( f9 p- l, S5 L" s5 z* FAThey are not regularly inspected.
- P5 I! Z: h! |4 `: zBThey are likely to commit thefts.' r) v* n: h& V7 A# G7 D( e& g# k% ^
CThey are allowed not to pay taxes.' o# m7 q$ _# W0 C0 r3 F
DThey can be noisy to hosts’ neighbours.: t' `3 ?# O. V& X1 {1 T
(3)、What is the argument over Uber according to the passage?
4 O$ |' z" t7 ~; z
0 {. A) d' Q) @AWhether it guarantees customers’ safety.5 x" ]7 ^3 o* o& W* ]
BWhether it provides reliable services.
3 P" h3 D7 j* y( E' s/ W; h8 W$ U" dCWhether it lowers customers’ expenses.
/ L3 d6 J) `' f6 PDWhether it can compete with standard taxis.
& V% E# r6 s4 ~$ i(4)、What will be talked about in the following paragraphs?+ b/ |5 @! Z, a

; F2 t- y( E0 {: q7 `& r# n  z1 yAExisting regulations and laws.
8 ?& @) Z" d- h; |3 W3 PBMore downsides of Airbnb and Uber.1 P% G# }; I% a. ~. v2 c! S
CFurther development of Airbnb and Uber./ {+ o" C2 w4 e* n
DNecessary improvements of current laws.
( l, ~1 I/ n7 s" Q. c, y2 g三、简答题共3题,15分0 j' [9 M7 X, T: C2 A+ X& c
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Only in American can a billionaire carry on like plain folks and get away with it.        
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6 |' ?/ V( @. s- \. S4 A6 P当前已输入0个字符, 您还可以输入2000个字符。
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& A9 H# p5 O6 W5 }+ R( mAnd the 67 year old discount king Sam Walton still travels these windy back roads in his 1979 Ford pickup, red and white, bird dogs by his side, and, come shooting season, waits in line like everyone else to buy shells at the local Wal-Mart.        
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5分8 b' L7 v4 |' v/ k, b6 U0 T. d
He figured in two or three months he’d have enough money to buy exactly the kind of guitar.        
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' {/ r0 n7 A: b. D, a7 V! z当前已输入0个字符, 您还可以输入2000个字符。4 @3 m0 b9 h2 f$ o
四、问答题共1题,15分
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/ T8 g6 K1 b8 k2 zDirections: 请在30分钟内以《诚实是有回报的》为题参照给出的提纲写大约80字的作文。It Pays to Be Honest. Outline: (1) 当前社会上存在着许多不诚实的现象。(2)诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实        
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